The Revenge Of Geography: What the Map Tells Us About Coming Conflicts and the Battle Against Fate

The Revenge Of Geography What the Map Tells Us About Coming Conflicts and the Battle Against Fate In this provocative startling book Robert D Kaplan the bestselling author of Monsoon and Balkan Ghosts offers a revelatory new prism through which to view global upheavals and to understand what l
  • Title: The Revenge Of Geography: What the Map Tells Us About Coming Conflicts and the Battle Against Fate
  • Author: Robert D. Kaplan
  • ISBN: 9781400069835
  • Page: 492
  • Format: Hardcover
  • The Revenge Of Geography: What the Map Tells Us About Coming Conflicts and the Battle Against Fate
    In this provocative, startling book, Robert D Kaplan, the bestselling author of Monsoon and Balkan Ghosts, offers a revelatory new prism through which to view global upheavals and to understand what lies ahead for continents and countries around the world In The Revenge of Geography, Kaplan builds on the insights, discoveries, and theories of great geographers and geopIn this provocative, startling book, Robert D Kaplan, the bestselling author of Monsoon and Balkan Ghosts, offers a revelatory new prism through which to view global upheavals and to understand what lies ahead for continents and countries around the world In The Revenge of Geography, Kaplan builds on the insights, discoveries, and theories of great geographers and geopolitical thinkers of the near and distant past to look back at critical pivots in history and then to look forward at the evolving global scene Kaplan traces the history of the world s hot spots by examining their climates, topographies, and proximities to other embattled lands The Russian steppe s pitiless climate and limited vegetation bred hard and cruel men bent on destruction, for example, while Nazi geopoliticians distorted geopolitics entirely, calculating that space on the globe used by the British Empire and the Soviet Union could be swallowed by a greater German homeland Kaplan then applies the lessons learned to the present crises in Europe, Russia, China, the Indian subcontinent, Turkey, Iran, and the Arab Middle East The result is a holistic interpretation of the next cycle of conflict throughout Eurasia Remarkably, the future can be understood in the context of temperature, land allotment, and other physical certainties China, able to feed only 23 percent of its people from land that is only 7 percent arable, has sought energy, minerals, and metals from such brutal regimes as Burma, Iran, and Zimbabwe, putting it in moral conflict with the United States Afghanistan s porous borders will keep it the principal invasion route into India, and a vital rear base for Pakistan, India s main enemy Iran will exploit the advantage of being the only country that straddles both energy producing areas of the Persian Gulf and the Caspian Sea Finally, Kaplan posits that the United States might rue engaging in far flung conflicts with Iraq and Afghanistan rather than tending to its direct neighbor Mexico, which is on the verge of becoming a semifailed state due to drug cartel carnage A brilliant rebuttal to thinkers who suggest that globalism will trump geography, this indispensable work shows how timeless truths and natural facts can help prevent this century s looming cataclysms.Praise for The Revenge of Geography An ambitious and challenging new book The Revenge of Geography displays a formidable grasp of contemporary world politics and serves as a powerful reminder that it has been the planet s geophysical configurations, as much as the flow of competing religions and ideologies, that have shaped human conflicts, past and present Malise Ruthven, The New York Review of Books Robert D Kaplan, the world traveling reporter and intellectual whose fourteen books constitute a bedrock of penetrating exposition and analysis on the post Cold War world strips away much of the cant that suffuses public discourse these days on global developments and gets to a fundamental reality that geography remains today, as it has been throughout history, one of the most powerful drivers of world events The National Interest Kaplan plunges into a planetary review that is often thrilling in its sheer scale encyclopedic The New Yorker The Revenge of Geography serves the facts straight up Kaplan s realism and willingness to face hard facts make The Revenge of Geography a valuable antidote to the feel good manifestoes that often masquerade as strategic thought The Daily Beast
    The Revenge Of Geography: What the Map Tells Us About Coming Conflicts and the Battle Against Fate By Robert D. Kaplan,
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    About " Robert D. Kaplan "

  • Robert D. Kaplan

    Robert David Kaplan is an American journalist, currently a National Correspondent for the Atlantic Monthly His writings have also been featured in The Washington Post, The New York Times, The New Republic, The National Interest, Foreign Affairs and The Wall Street Journal, among other newspapers and publications, and his controversial essays about the nature of U.S power have spurred debate in academia, the media, and the highest levels of government A frequent theme in his work is the reemergence of cultural and historical tensions temporarily suspended during the Cold War.

  • 271 Comments

  • The Revanche of the GeographersThere are books one turn to sometimes, not for improving knowledge but to be reminded of the extent of one s ignorance This has turned out to be one of such books even though I had gone in thinking I was ready.Many times in my overzealous nature, I have jumped into books which I was unable to appreciate fully because of a lack of background In such cases, usually I end up grasping the full implications of many of the ideas only later when some other author educate [...]


  • A disappointing read, almost painful at times, and a missed opportunity There is useful content here but it is poorly organized The book reads like a series of rambling lectures The text is verbose and repetitive brace yourself for frequent appearances of the phrases, as noted , as we have seen , and as I have explained Was there no editor for Revenge And forget about using this book as a reference text for there is no index Much space is given over to describing national and geographic features [...]


  • Revelatory prism No Frankly, I read a lot of geopolitics and there aren t any new revelations here I was fairly disappointed in this book, written by someone with tremendous expertise in the field Although it contains some interesting and even exciting ideas, the text is not well conceptualized and I am left with the belief that an awful lot was left on the table The first concern is that it is not clear what audience Kaplan is writing for On the one hand, the style assumes a significant amount [...]


  • I read all kinds of books and seldom really dislike one But Kaplan s simplistic geographic determinism, vast generalizations, and location dropping in this one really drove me crazy India s monsoonal cycle makes people meditative and religious Seriously He seems to be trying to win an argument about whether geography s still important But who s he arguing against Who seriously thinks geography is no longer relevant It seems like this book is part of some silly intramural argument with people who [...]



  • I was resolved to read this book to get a better understanding of some of the long term structural issues underlying international politics and it took all my resolve to persist through the meandering first chapters.It was worth it in the end Despite the clunky style, statements of the obvious and sometimes circular arguments, I now have a much better idea of the pressure points for each of the major global pressure points though Africa remains virtually unknown territory That s why I ve given i [...]


  • Whilst I am just at the beginning of my forray in and journey through the field of geopolitics, I get the distinct feeling that this book is not what it was supposed to be The title has no tangible connection to the actual work unless I am mistaken on the meaning of the word revenge , there are some gross generalizations made in order to get points through and sometimes, what I consider to be blatant mistakes What do you mean, the Chinese had no interest in exploring until the XIII Century As fa [...]


  • A Fresh and Thought provoking View of Global PoliticsGeopolitics the subject of this fascinating book has literally been on my mind almost throughout my life.I had recently turned three when the Allies invaded Normandy, beginning the long, last phase of World War II in Europe I have no active memory of the invasion, but I ve been told that I learned to read by studying the news about the event and its aftermath My father read the newspaper at dinner, and I sat opposite him, leaning over the tabl [...]


  • I don t quit reading books often, but I had to throw in the towel on this one, which is disappointing considering I ve read so many of Kaplan s books in the past The key here, evidently, being the past, meaning a different period in my life I found this book to be exhausting, as if Kaplan tries entirely too hard to come across as a scholar I quickly grew tired of the endless citations and quotes with little actual insight from the author A fascinating subject unfortunately presented in a dull, s [...]


  • Stupid name for a trite book redeemed by a few good lines and an occasional useful insight As for the title, the influence or the significance of geography would have made sense, but revenge Kaplan, who served in the Israeli army but not in the American army he is old enough to have served in Vietnam , seems to have lot interest in and knowledge of the middle east than of America and its Latin neighbors, especially Mexico V.D Hanson s Mexifornia has a lot interesting and useful to say about Am [...]


  • Kaplan argues that geography still matters for the way societies and nations organize themselves and project power in their neighborhoods and beyond This is a necessary corrective to post modern, the world is flat, vision of globalization that seems to hold sway at the moment As usual, Kaplan delivers an insightful, thought provoking work marked by a deep knowledge of the peoples and states he talks about.Kaplan first reviews in part 1, a number of theories of geopolitics, including Mackinder s [...]



  • Well, I won t lie That was than a bit like eating my peas with apologies to peas I really like them I knew it was good for me, but it wasn t necessarily enjoyable.I had to approach this book in periodic bursts over a month s time Many readers claim to have no problem with abandoning a book they don t enjoy I m not one of them I m hell bound to finish my peas, even if they ve gone cold because I keep walking away from the table for periods of time Stubborn, I guess.It s hard to identify what mad [...]




  • In the current climate of politics around the world, this book is a must read piece The book provides a wide ranging and entertaining coverage of world affairs and it links geographical and historical facts and events with contemporary politics and power struggles I did not agree with all the judgments and analyses, but appreciated Kaplan s way of thinking, his deep insights, and his use of personal experiences and in depth knowledge of different countries in the book The author s predications, [...]


  • Kaplan here displays his usual depth and erudition, giving us a new view of geopolitics with the focus on geography, which he regards as far important than we usually consider it He starts in Section I with a summary of the thoughts of great minds on the topic, from Herodotus to Kissinger and beyond In Section II he focuses on a number of significant states, civilizations, and empires past and present, including China, India, Russia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, and Afghanistan He refers to Eurasia as t [...]


  • Finishing this book was bitter sweet for me I awaited the books arrival for so long and immediately dived head first Upon finishing this book I feel both relieved and disappointed that it is not a hundred pages longer As a geography student, I come to this book with significant knowledge on the subject matter already However, I feel that to fully appreciate this book for all its merit, I would need a degree in Geography, Religion, Political Science, and History Personally, I feel as though I jus [...]



  • The Revenge of Geography takes geopolitics to an entirely new level Robert Kaplan splits the book into essentially three parts The first part looks at geopolitics in general and specifically looks at the theories of well respected intellectuals of the past The second part of the book looks at the various areas of the world Russia, China, India, Iran, etc where there is potential for conflict with neighboring countries or political unrest within The last third of the book deals primarily with the [...]


  • Reading this book was like reading a poetic take on how geography affects geopolitics than a coherent and robust theory on why geopolitics are as they are If you find the work of Jared Diamond compelling, then you will probably enjoy this too but if you are like me, you will find the cherry picking and lack of counterfactuals quite jarring To his credit, Kaplan isn t as bold as Diamond, in that he strongly acknowledges the role of many factors, of which geography is just one But at the same ti [...]


  • The deterministic qualities of physical geography are often debated Some argue that geography is irrelevant in the face of ideas and the inherent qualities of man Others would argue that geography is what ultimately shapes human interaction Robert Kaplan, perhaps America s most well traveled correspondent and commentator, takes a central position He argues that geography can be minimized, and indeed it repeatedly has, but ultimately it cannot be defeated The qualities of the mankind geography r [...]


  • The title is enticing and makes it sound like this book is going to be as interesting as it could be had it been better written and less political I read it for current events and because I find the geographical importance interesting, but this book was very political Also, I listened to some of this on audiobook, and the reader s voice combined with his style of reading and cadence I found irritating.Kaplan spends a great deal of time discussing history of the areas as it pertains to geography [...]


  • Robert Kaplan contends in this book that geography matters a great deal in the unfolding of the human endeavor Early on, he observes Page xix I will introduce readers to a group of decidedly unfashionable thinkers, who push up hard against the notion that geography no longer matters Ho notes that he does not contend that geography is destiny and is the only important factor in the world of human concerns Nonetheless, once one finishes this book, he or she will realize that Kaplan thinks that geo [...]


  • What a thorough disappointment An important topic that needs to be discussed, particularly after two decades or , according to Kaplan of liberal institutionalism responsibility to protect adventurism or the often ignored call for it, followed by neoconservative adventurism unfortunately less ignored Bringing back into discussion the realist worldview is necessary, and the importance of geography as a major factor in determining why the world works or doesn t work as it does or doesn t needs a re [...]


  • Wow, this book was such a disappointment Kaplan s writing and structure is very odd and dry The book reads like a doctoral thesis than a book Kaplan spends so much time quoting others, I am not sure what he is trying to convey or who he is writing for Geography hinders, got it The opening is nothing than name dropping and a collection of praises to the liberal idealist intellectual elites regarding their thoughts on the shaping of the world Kaplan is long winded and like any good politician, l [...]


  • Part political theory, part travelogue, and mostly definitely a richly informed geography class, Kaplan s has written a hugely well researched, and oddly compelling book It s obvious he s logged the miles, and given the global scope of this book, that s a bunch of miles Compelling Yes The last chapter has timely advice about Mexico, even while the balance of the book doesn t spend time there In one swift narrative, Kaplan puts surprising perspective on all the geography he s covered by focusing [...]


  • If you ve read one book on geography and international politics it feels like you ve read them all For the attempted level of detail in geographic descriptions, the book suffers from a lack of maps helping to identify the shifting boundaries of ancient empires described in the book.


  • This took me awhile to read as it is very academic, but as I studied geography and social sciences in college, I had an interest in finishing it What continued to capture my attention throughout this book was that in reading it, I felt that Kaplan s interest and passion in geography felt similar to mine To quote him Maps are crucial to any understanding of world politicsGeography is the backdrop to human history itself and can be as revealing about a government s long range intentions as its sec [...]


  • To me, Kaplans work can be sumarized by the two unspecified goals of this book to reapraise the discipline of geopolitics by outlining some of the theories and conclusions of some classical authors, mainly geographers and international theorists of the realist school of thought, as well as some naval experts With the framework of geographical influence yet not determinism at hand, the other goal is to review and update the current state of international affairs, system by system, region by regio [...]


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